The ecological footprint is a parameter introduced in 1996 by Mathis Wackernagel and William Rees, which measures what humanity requires of the biosphere in terms of geographically productive property and water, necessary to provide the resources we use and to absorb the waste we produce. The lifestyle of western countries leads us all to have an excessive ecological footprint on the planet. But with some tricks, most of which at zero cost, it is possible to use up less resources and protect the environment.
Try to Buy Goods Produced Near You
Every year, transport generates 13% of the total CO2 emissions of the planet, the majority of which are generated by the transport of goods. The ideal of course is to buy products nearest to you, but if it is not possible, pay attention to the place of origin of the product you are about to buy and choose the one that had to do less kilometres to reach the supermarket. If we all started to select the products we buy also based on this criterion, the planet would thank us.
Eat Less Meat
Did you know that beef grown in intensive farming during its growth consumes 5,000 kilos of feed, but once slaughtered it turns into no more than 300kg of meat to eat? For every kg of meat produced we waste 10 to 15 kilos of cereals which could be used to feed the planet. In addition, farms are also directly responsible for pollution and excessive consumption of water resources. The processes involved in animal breeding generate a greenhouse gas production equivalent to 18% of global emissions, while almost 25% of the total water resources used every year in the world is used for breeding.
Consumes Fresh and Organic Foods
Organically cultivated soils capture and retain much more carbon dioxide than industrial crops. If we organically grow all the fruit and vegetables we consume, we could remove billions of tons of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Also, consume eco-friendly products. Reduce plastic usage, wear bamboo clothing wholesale instead of polyester and so on. These are simple things you can do.
Drink Tap Water
Preferring tap water means helping to reduce the amount of plastic produced globally and also the emissions due to the transport of bottled water. Most countries have a higher consumption level of bottled water than tap water and this is causing a massive plastic crisis. The ecological footprint of a litre of tap water is 200 to 300 times lower than a litre of bottled water. Also, reduce using plastic straws with your drinks.
The Shower Is Better Than the Bathtub
A shower requires about a quarter of the water and energy to heat it, compared to a bath tub. To maximize savings, install an energy-saving shower diffuser: in addition to energy, you will also save water, which is a precious commodity. Also, in all the other taps of the house the installation of the diffusers involves a reduction of up to 50% of the water consumed.